Effect of thermal exposure on the properties of phenolic composites: dynamic mechanical analysis


  1. Hiltz, J.A.
  2. Kuzak, S.G.
  3. Waitkus, P.A.
Corporate Authors
Defence Research Establishment Atlantic, Dartmouth NS (CAN)
Changes in the dynamic response of glass-reinforced phenolic composites following thermal exposure at 180C for periods of time up to 28 days were monitored using dynamic mechanical analysis. Four phenolic resins were investigated: a resol/novolac blend, a phenolic-furan novolac/resol graft copolymer, a novolac, and a resol. Reactive blending and pocolymerization of phenolic resins are currently being investigated to determine if these techniques will produce phenolic resins (and composites) that have improved impact properties and retain the excellent high-temperature properties of resol and novolac phenolic resins. The results indicate that thermal aging at 180C for 1 day led to a more complete cure of all four phenolic resins as indicated by an increase in the temperature of the maximum of plots of both loss modulus (E") and tan delta versus temperature. The storage modulus (E') of the composites at 40C varied little following thermal aging at 180C for 1 day but decreased with increasing exposure time for samples aged 2,7, and 28 days. Thermal aging led to an increase in E' at higher temperatures and the magnitude of E' at a given temperature decreased with increasing exposure time. The magnitude of E" and tan delta decreased with aging time for all resins, although E" and tan delta were larger for the blend and copolymer composites than for the novolac and resol composites.
Dynamic mechanical analysis;Phenolic composites
Date of publication
01 Jan 1998
Number of Pages
Reprinted from
Journal of Applied Polymer Science, vol 79,2001,p 385-395
Hardcopy;Document Image stored on Optical Disk

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