Helmet accommodation analysis using 3D laser scanning


  1. Meunier, P.
  2. Tack, D.
  3. Ricci, A.
  4. Bossi, L.
  5. Angel, H.
Corporate Authors
Defence and Civil Inst of Environmental Medicine, Downsview ONT (CAN)
A method used to determine the probable population accommodation of a helmet sizing system is described. The method involves the use of 3D laser scanning, as a means of measuring helmet standoff distance (distance between the inside of the helmet and the skull), and the selection of a representative sample of test subjects. The laser scanner and the software developed to calculate standoff distance proved to be an excellent tool for the assessment of helmet fit. The main advantages include ease of use and visualization of problem areas. This 3D-analysis method gives designers objective evidence of the need for design changes as well as an idea of what these changes should be. A comparison was made between standoff distance results obtained from the scanner and those obtained using a physical measurement method (a probe). Although discrepancies were found between the two, sources of errors intrinsic to both methods make it difficult to determine which of the two methods yielded the truest standoff distance. Analysis of the comparison data shows laser scanning to be slightly more conservative than the probe method for standoff distance purposes, i.e. erring on the side of safety.
Laser scanning;3D anthropometry;Helmet accomodation;Three-dimensional head scanning
Report Number
DCIEM-98-P-74 — Paper; Reprint
Date of publication
15 Mar 2001
Number of Pages
Reprinted from
Applied Ergonomics, vol 31, 2000. p 361-369
Hardcopy;Document Image stored on Optical Disk

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