Dispersion Coefficients for Gaussian Puff Models – Boundary-layer meteorology


  1. Cao, X.
  2. Roy, G.
  3. Hurley, W.J.
  4. Andrews, W.S.
Corporate Authors
Defence R&D Canada - Valcartier, Valcartier QUE (CAN);Royal Military Coll of Canada, Kingston ONT (CAN) Dept of Civil Engineering;Royal Military Coll of Canada, Kingston ONT (CAN)
The Gaussian distribution is a good approximation for transient (instantaneously released) puff concentration distributions within a short period of time after release. Artificial neural network (ANN) models for puff dispersion coefficients were developed, based on observations from field experiments covering a wide range of meteorological conditions (in March, May, August and November). Their average predictions were in very good agreement with measurements, having high correlation coefficients (r >0.99). A non-linear multi-variable regression model for dispersion coefficients was also developed, under the assumption that puff dispersion coefficients increase with time, and follow power laws. Both ANN-based and multi-regression non-linear models were able to use easily measured atmospheric parameters directly, without the necessity of predefining the Pasquill stability category. Predictions of ANN-based and multi-regression-based Gaussian puff models were compared with those of Gaussian puff models using Slade’s dispersion coefficients and COMBIC, a sophisticated model based on Gaussian distributions. Predictions from our two new models showed better agreement with concentration measurements than the other Gaussian puff models, by having a much higher fraction within a factor of two of measured values, and lower normalized mean square errors.
Report Number
DRDC-VALCARTIER-SL-2011-556 — Scientific Literature
Date of publication
01 May 2011
Number of Pages
Reprinted from
Boundary-Layer Meteorol, vol 139, 2011, p 487-500
Electronic Document(PDF)

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