Validation of a virtual environment incorporating virtual operators for procedural learning

Étude de l’apprentissage procédural dans un milieu virtuel où évoluent des hélicoptères maritimes incorporant des opérateurs virtuels


  1. Cain, B.
  2. Magee, L.
  3. Kersten, C.
Corporate Authors
Defence R&D Canada - Toronto, Toronto ONT (CAN);CAE Professional Services, Ottawa (ON)
This paper presents the results of an experiment to assess the validity of a prototype simulation to train individuals to perform a task as part of a team. The application domain is Maritime Helicopter-Ship operations and the task selected is one of the role of a Landing Signals Officer (LSO) when coordinating the approach and landing of a helicopter on board Canadian Forces frigates. The simulation includes physics based models of the helicopter, ship and the environment, as well as a human factors approach to representation of team mates by computer generated, behavioural agents. A reverse transfer of training experiment was conducted to assess how the members of three groups, initially differing in domain knowledge, acquired the necessary procedural knowledge, verbal communications and manual actions. Thirty subjects participated: ten members in each of a Naïve, Aircrew and LSO group. Learning rate results indicate significant differences among the groups and the effect sizes were sufficient to conclude that the approach is valid for training procedural tasks of the LSO occupation and, by extension, to other small team, procedural task trainers with similar user interface requirements. The simulation was not found to be adequate to train the fine, visual judgements involved in directing the helicopter over the deck, and improvements to the simulation have been proposed.

Il y a un résumé en français ici.

human modelling;validation;training;virtual reality;Landing Signals Officer;pilot model
Report Number
DRDC-TORONTO-TM-2011-132 — Technical Memorandum
Date of publication
01 Sep 2012
Number of Pages
Electronic Document(PDF)

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