Women in Science, Technology, Engineering, Mathematics, and Management – Implicit Bias Challenges and Interventions


  1. Febbraro, A.R.
  2. Pickering, D.I.
Corporate Authors
Defence Research and Development Canada, Toronto Research Centre , Toronto ON (CAN)
This scientific report focuses on factors that can impede the participation and advancement of women in Science, Technology, Engineering, Mathematics, and Management (STEMM). In particular, attention is paid to unconscious, implicit gender biases and how these may impact the hiring, selection, or promotion of women in STEMM fields/non-traditional roles. This report satisfies one of the objectives of the Working Group on Women in STEMM at Defence Research and Development Canada (DRDC), namely, to create awareness within DRDC about challenges faced by women in STEMM, and contributes to the aim of developing an action plan for achieving a balanced representation of women in non-traditional roles. The report also provides insight into an issue of importance to the ADM S&T, as champion of Employment Equity within DRDC. Specifically, this report provides statistics on women’s representation in STEMM, nationally, internationally, and within DRDC; discusses the particular role of implicit or unconscious bias, rooted in gender stereotypes, as one possible explanation for the under-representation of women in STEMM, and, based on a review of empirical research, identifies the potential impacts of such biases on employment-related evaluations and decisions, including those pertaining to hiring, selection, and promotion. Women and leadership within the STEMM context is given specific consideration, as are implications of implicit bias and discrimination for individual health and well-be

Il y a un résumé en français ici.

women in STEMM;women in STEM;unconscious bias;implicit bias;gender stereotypes;gender bias
Report Number
DRDC-RDDC-2015-R187 — Scientific Report
Date of publication
01 Sep 2015
Number of Pages
Electronic Document(PDF)

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