Negative Information Literature Review


  1. Lapinski, A-L.S.
Corporate Authors
Defence Research and Development Canada, Atlantic Research Centre, Halifax NS (CAN)
Enabling the sharing and use of vital information to support Royal Canadian Navy (RCN) tactical/operational decision-making and achieving situational awareness is a priority research area for Defence Research and Development Canada (DRDC). In support of this goal, the present research examines negative information. Negative information would originate from what is not present in the information feeds being received. The report gives a clarifying description of negative information followed by a review of multi-disciplinary scientific research that has incorporated negative information into the processing, for varying purposes. The literature reviews follow a consistent format: research area statement, statement on the negative information that was used, a description of the results, and a discussion on the information requirements. A discussion and conclusion follows. Several potential applications to the RCN as well as applications general to the Canadian Armed Forces (CAF) were identified. In addition, challenges in using negative information in an automatic way were suggested. The largest challenge to applying negative information in an RCN setting is likely the modeling of the environment and sensors so that the negative information yields correct assumptions.

Il y a un résumé en français ici.

Negative Information;Negative Evidence;Negative Observations
Report Number
DRDC-RDDC-2017-R120 — Scientific Report
Date of publication
01 Nov 2017
Number of Pages
Electronic Document(PDF)

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