DESTRUCTION AND DISPOSAL OF CANADIAN STOCKS OF WORLD WAR II MUSTARD GAS

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Authors
  1. Weaver, R.S.
  2. Reichert, C.
  3. Mellsen, S.B.
Corporate Authors
Defence Research Establishment Suffield, Ralston ALTA (CAN)
Abstract
Early in World War II, over 700 tons of the chemical warfare agent mustard were shipped from Cornwall, Ontario, to the Defence Research Establishment Suffield. Research was begun several years ago to find a safe, efficient, environmentally acceptable and economical method of disposing of the still hazardous material. Laboratory studies led to the discovery that, with turbulent mixing and proper control of temperature and acidity, mustard would react with water to produce a non-vesicant hydrolysate mixture. These results were extended and the process further optimized in pilot plant runs, involving a total of several tons of mustard. It was also demonstrated that the hydrolysate could be burned completely in a specifically modified incinerator.
Report Number
SP-67 — Special Publication
Date of publication
15 Dec 1975
Number of Pages
26
DSTKIM No
76-01629
CANDIS No
118598
Format(s):
Document Image stored on Optical Disk;Electronic Document(PDF)

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