ENVIRONMENTAL CHANGE AND REGIONAL SECURITY IN SOUTHEAST ASIA

Authors
  1. Lonergan, S.
Corporate Authors
Operational Research and Analysis, Ottawa ONT (CAN)
Abstract
The purpose of this study is to explore the linkages between environmental change and security, with a specific focus on four countries in Southeast Asia. Environmental change and security can be linked in many ways, and this study focuses on three of these: (1) where problems of reosurce scarcity (i.e. an inequitable distribution of resources with a region) may result in conflict; (2) where population displacement, cuased by environmental change, may lead to conflict; and (3) where income disparities resulting from an inequitable distribution of benefits may lead to conflict. Specific attention was paid to the potential of climate warming posing a threat to security in a region, by affecting agricultural production, water quality and quantity, coastal flooding, and problems associated with environmentally-induced population displacment (generally termed "environmental refugees") and their security implications. Economic, ecological, social and political variables intervene to complicate these relationships, and it is not necessarily clear what the implications of environmental change are for security in a region. However, it is apparent that environment and resources play an important role in regional and international conflicts, and the issue of environmental change as a contributing factor to conflict in the region must be considered.
Keywords
Resource scarcity;Environmental change;Population displacment;Income disparities;Climate warming
Report Number
ORA-PR-659 — Project Report
Date of publication
01 Mar 1994
Number of Pages
126
DSTKIM No
94-02486
CANDIS No
141434
Format(s):
Hardcopy;Originator's fiche received by DSIS

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