LOSS OF AVIATION SITUATIONAL AWARENESS IN THE CANADIAN FORCES

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Authors
  1. Cheung, B.
  2. Money, K.
  3. Sarkar, P.
Corporate Authors
Defence and Civil Inst of Environmental Medicine, Downsview ONT (CAN)
Abstract
The ability of a pilot to maintain situation awareness has been recognized as crucial to mission success for some time. Situation awareness has been used to refer narrowly to a combination of tactical awareness and spatial orientation. However, situation awareness is the accurate perception and comprehension of a number of factors and conditions that could affect the aircraft and the air crew within a period of time. The present study concentrates on accidents and incidents in which there was a loss of situation awareness excluding spatial disorientation. Each accident and incident were systematically reviewed to assess the role of situation awareness. Loss of situation awareness has been implicated in many close calls and accidents. A total of 64 mishaps between 1982-1993 were found to be related to loss of situation awareness in the Canadian Forces (CF) and it appeared throughout all mission and aircraft types. A focused and structured training program in managing cockpit resources and in maintaining attention would assist air crew in identifying conditions where situation awareness could potentially be lost and where appropriate strategies could be used to avoid the loss or to deal with the loss. Such training could be implemented through real-time main-in-the-loop flight simulator training of pilots in various flight scenarios. Similar training could also improve the performance and efficiency of air traffic controllers.
Keywords
Situational awareness
Report Number
DCIEM-95-P-11 — Paper
Date of publication
30 May 1995
Number of Pages
10
DSTKIM No
98-00086
CANDIS No
506683
Format(s):
Hardcopy;Document Image stored on Optical Disk

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