EFFECTS OF LOGICAL FORM AND GEOMETRICAL CONTENT ON SPATIAL DEDUCTIVE REASONING

PDF

Authors
  1. Boudreau, G.
  2. Pigeau, R.A.
  3. McCann, C.
Corporate Authors
Defence and Civil Inst of Environmental Medicine, Downsview ONT (CAN)
Abstract
In air navigation, pilots must mentally represent the relative position of aircraft in three dimensions. They must also deduce from their mental representation the relative position of other aircraft which has not been explicityly specified in any of the information that they have received. Spatial deductive reasoning is crticial for both the pilots' safety and the accomplishment of his mission. It is a difficult aspect of formal logic which is particularly prone to errors, especially under intense mental workload. Despite the importance of spatial deductive reasoning, the processes that underlie this logical activity are still unclear as scientists have proposed opponent theories of formal logic to account for these processes. The overall goal of this study is to investigate the effects of logical form and geometrical content on spatial deductive reasoning by comparing two opponent theories of deductive reasoning: Hagert's Formal Rules theory and Johnson-Laird's Mental Models theory. Our second goal is to specify, through the effects of geometrical content, how humans structure their mental representation of geometrical relations, and if they do so relative to spatial reference frames. We will address this issue in view of the Content-Specific Rules theory and the Spatial Reference Frame theory. TRUNCATED
Keywords
Formal Rules Theory;Mental Models Theory;Spatial deductive reasoning;Spatial Reference Frames;Deductive reasoning;Spatial reasoning;Referential Determinacy;Referential Continuity
Report Number
DCIEM-98-R-13 — Scientific Report
Date of publication
01 Feb 1998
Number of Pages
55
DSTKIM No
98-01375
CANDIS No
508219
Format(s):
Hardcopy;Document Image stored on Optical Disk

Permanent link

Document 1 of 1

Date modified: