Research and development of an Advanced Personal Load Carriage Measurement System: Phase IV: Section C: Phase II of a biomechanical model for load carriage assessment


  1. Pelot, R.P.
  2. Rigby, A.
  3. Bryant, T.
  4. Stevenson, J.M.
Corporate Authors
Defence and Civil Inst of Environmental Medicine, Downsview ONT (CAN);Dalhousie Univ, Halifax NS (CAN) Atlantic Industrial Research Group;Queen's Univ, Kingston ONT (CAN) Ergonomics Research Lab
The backpack is the military personnel's device of choice for load carriage. Until recently, little was done in Load Carriage System (LCS) research and development. However, the recent recreational boom has seen the basic backpack design undergo much manipulation. The most notable change has been the addition of a load bearing waist belt. Deciding if design changes were effective usually meant building a prototype and obtaining human feedback on various characteristics. This method is costly and time consuming and the results are subjective. Defence and Civil Institute of Environment Medicine requires a more efficient and effective means of evaluating preliminary pack designs. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to develop a personal load carriage system design too. An appropriate evaluation tool should enable designers to input pack parameters and receive an objective measure of the pack's effectiveness. Pack parameters include the pack dimensions, weight, centre of gravity, and location of shoulder straps, waist belt, and lumbar pad. The objective evaluation consists of two body reaction forces known to relate to pack acceptability scores. With knowledge of the body reaction forces one gains an understanding of comfort, and can compare potential prototypes. TRUNCATED
Advanced Personal Load Carriage System (APLCS);Integrated Protective Clothing and Equipment (IPCE);Load carriage;Rucksacks;Ergonomics
Report Number
DCIEM-CR-2000-092 — Contract Report
Date of publication
01 Nov 1998
Number of Pages
Hardcopy;Document Image stored on Optical Disk

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