On the utility of experiential cross-training for team decision-making under time stress

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Authors
  1. McCann, C.
  2. Baranski, J.V.
  3. Thompson, M.M.
  4. Pigeau, R.A.
Corporate Authors
Defence and Civil Inst of Environmental Medicine, Downsview ONT (CAN)
Abstract
This study investigated the effectiveness of experiential cross-training in a team context for team decision-making under time stress in a simulated naval surveillance task. It was hypothesized that teams whose members explicitly experience all team positions will perform better under time pressure due to a better shared Team Interaction Model (Cannon-Bowers et al. 1993). In addition, it was posited that experiental cross-training would reduce the negative effect ofmember reconfiguration that can occur in certain military situations. Three groups of teams participated in this study (cross-trained, reconfigured and control). The experiment involved three team training sessions, followed by three time-stressed exercise sessions. During training, one group of teams was cross-trained (CT) by asking each member to perform an entire session at each of the three team positions. Member reconfiguration (where each member was shifted to another's position) was unexpectedly introduced at the first of the exercise sessions for the CT group and for another group (reconfigured) that had not been cross-trained. A third (control) group was neither cross-trained nor reconfigured. During training, the performance of non-CT teams improved more quickly than that of CT teams. During the exercise, the CT group did not achieve the level of performance of the control teams. TRUNCATED
Keywords
Cross training;Experiential cross training;Teams;TANDEM (Tactical Naval Decision Making)
Report Number
DCIEM-98-P-71 — Reprint
Date of publication
30 Aug 2000
Number of Pages
18
Reprinted from
Ergonomics, vol 43, no 8, 2000, p 1095-1110
DSTKIM No
CA010624
CANDIS No
515431
Format(s):
Hardcopy;Document Image stored on Optical Disk

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