National policy and the Americanization of the Canadian military


  1. English, J.
Corporate Authors
Defence and Civil Inst of Environmental Medicine, Downsview ONT (CAN);Naval War Coll, Newport RI (US) Strategy and Policy Dept
This paper addresses from a mainly historical perspective the phenomenon of the increasing Americanization of the Canadian Forces. Its central thesis is that this issue should be treated as a national policy matter rather than a military concern to be determined solely by condierations related to the purchase of US equipment and the enhancement of Canadian interoperability with American forces. Ever since achieving dominion status Canada has consistently sought to control her own armed forces which attempting to attain a strategic voice on the basis of their commitment. In her greatest war, that of 1914-1918, the illustrious battlefield performance of the Canadian Corps, a small "allied" army in its own right, created a lasting Canadian military legacy and helped establish still relevant preceedents for dealing with a grand imperial power. In World War II Canada possessed little strategic leverage, partly as a result of her own government's decisions, but also because the United States insisted on shutting smaller powers out of war planning and the strategic direction of the war. Unlike the British, who were compelled to indulge autonormous dominions, the Americans with their greater relative power tended to give short shrift to minor players. TRUNCATED
Wartime policy;Military relations;Military history;National policy;Canadian military
Report Number
DCIEM-CR-2001-048 — Contractor Report
Date of publication
02 Apr 2001
Number of Pages
Hardcopy;Document Image stored on Optical Disk

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