The mental representations underlying naval operations

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Authors
  1. Boudreau, G.
Corporate Authors
Defence and Civil Inst of Environmental Medicine, Downsview ONT (CAN)
Abstract
The objective of this study is to review relevant theories and research pertaining to the fundamental mental representations that are common to humans in general and, in particular, to naval operations. The review will focus on the mental representations of the Operations Room (OR) team aboard the Halifax-Class Frigate (HCF). We will specify the structural, organizational, and functional properties of these mental representations. The practical aim of the review is to provide recommendations concerning the design of the tactical displays of the air, surface, and subsurface warfare areas. The integration of relevant theories and research has enabled us to formulate the principle hypothesis according to which the OR team constructs three categories of mental models: physical mental models of the physical environment (such as warfare areas), shared mental models of the social environment (own and enemy units), and conceptual mental models of discourse among own and enemy units. We have based this hypothesis on the assumption that the OR team must represent and reason about the physical environment, the social environment, and discourse among own and enemy units. The results of this review suggests that all three categories of mental models are important for the OR team members. TRUNCATED

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Keywords
ORO (Operations Room Officer);Operator machine interface;Mental representation;Mental models;Memory;Creative thinking;Uncertainty;Naval command;Naval tactical displays;Human computer interfaces;Knowledge representation;Expert systems
Report Number
DCIEM-TR-2001-068 — Technical Report
Date of publication
01 May 2001
Number of Pages
143
DSTKIM No
CA011349
CANDIS No
515973
Format(s):
Hardcopy;Document Image stored on Optical Disk

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