A model of psychological adaptation in Peace Support Operations: An overview

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Authors
  1. Thompson, M.M.
  2. Gignac, M.A.M.
Corporate Authors
Defence and Civil Inst of Environmental Medicine, Downsview ONT (CAN);Toronto Western Research Inst, Toronto ONT (CAN) Population Health Unit
Abstract
Canada has a long and distinguished history of peacekeeping service, yet research from within the Canadian Forces indicates that th epsychological and interpersonal toll of these missions on CF personnel can be quite high (e.g., 1; 2; 3; 4; 5). The Peace Support Operations Adaptation Model (POSOAM), introduced here, details the adaptation process beginning during predeployment, continuing through the deployment and post-deployment phases. The model adds to existing conceptual models of deployment stress by incorporating individual, group, and organizational level variables at each stage of the deployment cycle, factors assumed integral to short and long term adaptation. Of particular interest are the influence of predeployment factors upon individuals' coping efforts and resilience. The effects of personality factors (e.g., hardiness, self-efficacy, mastery, dispositional optimism, internal locus of control) and predeployment expectations (e.g., deployment goals, beliefs concerning upcoming deployment) on predeployment motivational factors (e.g., level of motivation, perceptions of preparedness, perceptions of risk, level of intrapersonal conflict) are of specific concern. TRUNCATED

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Keywords
Combat stress;Psychological support;Humanitarian operations;Debriefing;Psychological fitness;Predeployment;Operational stress;PSOAM scale;Personality factors;Coping;PSOAM (Peace Support Operations Adaptation Model)
Report Number
DCIEM-TR-2001-050 — Technical Report
Date of publication
01 Apr 2001
Number of Pages
54
DSTKIM No
CA011393
CANDIS No
515982
Format(s):
Hardcopy;Document Image stored on Optical Disk

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