Biomechanical assessment of rucksack shoulder strap attachment location: Effect on load distribution to the torso


  1. Reid, S.a.
  2. Bryant, J.T.
  3. Stevenson, J.M.
  4. Doan, J.B.
Corporate Authors
Defence and Civil Inst of Environmental Medicine, Downsview ONT (CAN);Queen's Univ, Kingston ONT (CAN) Ergonomics Research Group
The objective of this study was to conduct biomechanical testing of pack component options to determine the optimal location for the lower attachment of the shoulder strap for the Clothe the Soldier (CTS) Integrated Patrol Pack and Rucksack. A model of a 50th percentile male torso has been split transversely at T1/2L1 and instrumented with two six degree of freedom load cells. The shoulder area of the manikin was instrumented with Fscan (TRADEMARK) sensors to record the contact pressure distribution in the axilla (armpit) and anterior of the shoulder under the shoulder strap. A 25 kg fixed payload was used for all test configurations. Waist belt, load lifter and shoulder strap tensions were constant during testing. Output variables were reaction forces at T12/L1, waist belt lifting force, average, and peak contact pressures about the shoulder. These were examined as a function of the attachment point location and as a function of the angle the shoulder strap made with respect to the body long axis. Strap angles above 30 degrees resulted in peak axilla contact pressures ranging from 35 to 64 kPa. At strap angles less than 24 degrees, anterior shoulder peak pressures of >32 kPa were recorded. Then two effects determined the upper and lower bound sof an optimal range of 24 to 30 degrees with respect to the vertical axis of the body. TRUNCATED
Load carriage;Rucksacks;Ergonomics;Biomechanical models;Load optimization
Report Number
DCIEM-SL-2000-135 — Scientific Literature
Date of publication
31 Dec 2000
Number of Pages
Hardcopy;Document Image stored on Optical Disk

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