Research and development of an advanced personal load carriage system phases II and III. Section E: Parametric analysis of advanced personal load carriage systems

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Authors
  1. Pelot, R.
  2. Pinter, J.
  3. Stevenson, J.
  4. Bryant, T.
  5. Hall, C.
  6. Day, J.
Corporate Authors
Defence and Civil Inst of Environmental Medicine, Downsview ONT (CAN);Queen's Univ, Kingston ONT (CAN) Ergonomics Research Group
Abstract
Parametric analysis of load carriage systems has allowed for increased understanding of relationships between system design characteristics and the impact of these design features on the bearer. Of significant research interest for the APLCS project are the issues of convenience, confort, and capacity. Parametric design analysis in the phase of the project involved an evaluation of the effects of differing load placement on the centre of gravity and accessibility of kit, and the development of a computer model for optimizing load configuration, based on system centre of gravity. Kit placement, for both civilian and military load carriage, has only been subject to general guidelines in the past. This study looked at the bulkiness and accessibility requirements of certain kit items, along with the versatility of current LCS at containing these items, with the aim of improving future LCS design and function. User group surveys and records of standard operating procedures provided models for kit placement, which were evaluated for loaction of centre of gravity and access to critical equipment. Soldier kit preferences and frequency of use were also established. Optimization of load distribution for carriage is subject to multiple criteria, including physical constraints, desired load location and resultant forces, and accessibility requirements. TRUNCATED
Keywords
Advanced Personal Load Carriage System (APLCS);Load carriage;Rucksacks;Ergonomics;Biomechanical models;Load optimization
Report Number
DCIEM-CR-2001-082 — Contractor Report
Date of publication
30 Oct 1997
Number of Pages
59
DSTKIM No
CA011703
CANDIS No
516231
Format(s):
Hardcopy;Document Image stored on Optical Disk

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