A calibration procedure for an HFSWR receive array


  1. Hung, E.K.L.
Corporate Authors
Defence Research Establishment Ottawa, Ottawa ONT (CAN)
This report contains a description and performance evaluation of the matrix calibration method developed by the author in 1995 for the receive antenna array in the high frequency surface wave radar (HFSWR) at Cape Race, Newfoundland. The evaluation compares this method with two other methods: (a) the phase-only calibration method being used and (b) an assumed gain-and-phase method that equalizes the complex element output amplitudes of signals in the boresight direction. The results showed that the matrix calibration method had the most accurate direction estimates, the narrowest spectral peaks, the best resolution of closely space targets, and the lowest signal-to-interference-plus-noise ratio (SINR) threshold for target detection. The phase-only and gain-and-phase methods had false target tracks and direction-dependent biases in direction estimates. The phase-only method also had a line splitting problem. Based on the difference in SINR thresholds for target detection, the matrix calibration method could increase the present maximum nighttime target detection range of the HFSWR by more than 50% in situations where the interference is highly directional and extremely strong.

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Calibration procedures;Receive antenna array;HFSWR (High Frequency Surface Wave Radar);Interference suppression;SINR (Signal to Interferencs plus Noise Ratio)
Report Number
DREO-TR-2001-103 — Technical Report
Date of publication
01 Dec 2001
Number of Pages
Hardcopy;Document Image stored on Optical Disk

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