Chaotic Sea clutter returns. Current status and application to airborne radar systems

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Authors
  1. McDonald, M.K.
Corporate Authors
Defence Research Establishment Ottawa, Ottawa ONT (CAN)
Abstract
The potential to model sea clutter radar returns using chaos theory is examined. Chaotic systems display qualitative simularities to sea clutter returns such as broad flat spectrums, boundedness and irregular temporal behaviour. In this report several key parameters of chaotic systems, namely correlation dimension, Lyapunov spectrum and Lyapunov dimension are calculated from real sea clutter returns and found to be consistent with a chaotic interpretation. The airborne high resolution data (less than one metre) produces a correlation coefficient with an average value of 4.63 and an embedding dimension of 6-7. Lyapunov dimensions are consistent with correlation values. A local linear technique and a radial basis funciton (RBF) are used to construct a one step non-linear predictor. A Mean Square Error (MSE) of approximately 0.0032 between the predicted and normalized (i.e. maximum +/- 1 range) real time series is measured. If sea clutter is in fact, a chaotic system, then it may be possible to accurately predict sea clutter returns via a non-linear chaotic model and produce substantial improvements in the small target detection capabilities of the APS-506 radar on the CP-140 maritime patrol aircraft.

Il y a un résumé en français ici.

Keywords
Chaos
Report Number
DREO-TR-2001-114 — Technical Report
Date of publication
01 Nov 2001
Number of Pages
73
DSTKIM No
CA020916
CANDIS No
517645
Format(s):
Hardcopy;Document Image stored on Optical Disk

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