Blood Pressure Measurement in Noise Intensive Environments Using Adaptive Interference Cancellation

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Authors
  1. Pinto, L.
  2. Dhanantwari, A.
  3. Wong, W.
  4. Stergiopoulos, S.
  5. Maris, M.
Corporate Authors
Defence and Civil Inst of Environmental Medicine, Downsview ONT (CAN)
Abstract
The traditional auscultatory technique and current methodologies for measuring human blood pressure are limited when used in situations where extreme vibration or acoustic noise is present. In this study, human subjects were used to establish the effectiveness of a novel adaptive blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) system in determining systolic-diastolic pressure in vibration and noise intense environments. To remove the effects of noise and vibration from the audible Korotkoff sounds, the proposed ABPM system employs two acoustic sensors in the pressure cuff. The primary acoustic sensor is placed on the brachial artery to record the Korotkoff sounds while the secondary acoustic sensor is placed away from the artery to record background noise and vibrations. The signals from the two acoustic sensors are provided to the input of an adaptive interference canceller to remove the noise effects in the signal of the primary acoustic sensor. In two phases of clinical testing, the ABPM system was first employed in a noiseless environment and then near and onboard search and rescue helicopters. The results from both phases deliver a successful demonstration of the ABPM system's capabilities to provide blood pressure estimates in noisy environments where the conventional auscultatory and other techniques have limited use.
Keywords
Adaptive interference canceller
Report Number
DCIEM-SL-2001-107 — Scentific Literature
Date of publication
04 Jun 2001
Number of Pages
16
DSTKIM No
CA021109
CANDIS No
517842
Format(s):
Hardcopy;Document Image stored on Optical Disk

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