Canadian Forces Training and Mental Preparation for Adversity: Empirical Review of Stoltz 'Adversity Quotient (AQ) Training for Optimal Response to Adversity', A Review of the AQ Literature and Supporting Studies


  1. Angelopoulos, P.A.
  2. Houde, S.J.R.J.
  3. Thompson, M.M.
  4. McCreary, D.R.
  5. Blais, A.-R.
  6. Pastò, L.
Corporate Authors
Defence R&D Canada - Toronto, Toronto ONT (CAN)
This report reviews the theory of the Adversity Quotient (AQ), and the associated training procedure developed by Stoltz (1997; 2000). This report covers three general areas. First, we present an overview of the AQ conceptual framework and training program. Second, the psychometric properties of the AQ are reviewed to determine if the proposed conceptual framework is supported quantitatively. Third, we critically review the current empirical literature associated with AQ. We also discuss the applicability of the AQ training procedure to the CF, in particular, the utility of current AQ training as a treatment for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), learned helplessness, and to augment leadership training in a military context. Finally, we provide recommendations for the CF with regards to the proposed implemnetation of the AQ training as a proactive intervention. A critical review of the AQ and asosciated literature revealed that AQ is based on a number of sound theories implicated in psychological resiliency. TRUNCATED

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Combat stress;Post-traumatic Stress Disorder;Psychological support;Combat Stress Reactions;Combat stress reaction;Post traumatic stress
Report Number
DRDC-TORONTO-TR-2002-147 — Technical Report
Date of publication
01 Jul 2002
Number of Pages
Hardcopy;Document Image stored on Optical Disk

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