Final Report on Zooplankton Aggregation Near Sills

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Authors
  1. Trevorrow, M.V.
Corporate Authors
Defence R&D Canada - Atlantic, Dartmouth NS (CAN)
Abstract
This report outlines acoustic methods and results from a 3-year collaborative study of zooplankton aggregations in a coastal fjord. Mid-water aggregations of zooplankton were surveyed using a calibrated, three-frequency (38, 120, and 200 kHz) vessel-based echosounder system, a multi-net towed zooplankton net (BIONESS), and a high-resolution in situ camera system (ZOOVIS). Dense daytime layers of crustacean zooplankton near 70 to 90 m depth were found in the lower reaches of the inlet, especially concentrated by tidal flows around a sill which rises above the layer. Quantitative Euphausiid and Amphipod backscatter measurements, combined with in situ species, size, and abundance estimates, were found to agree closely with size- and orientation-averaged fluid-cylinder scattering models. Similar in situ scattering measurements of Siphonophores were found to have a much stronger lowfrequency (38 kHz) scattering strength, in agreement with a simple bubble scattering model. Distinctive near-surface flow lines near the sill were found to coincide with strongly sheared pycnoclines and high levels of turbulent dissipation. The combination of a lack of zooplankton present in these layers and a reasonable agreement with turbulence scattering models suggests these acoustically-visible layers are due to micro-structure scattering. A new high-resolution multi-beam sonar was used to map the ecologically important sill at Hoeya Head with 3 m resolution, and to sample in two-dimensions mid-wat

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Report Number
DRDC-ATLANTIC-ECR-2004-086 — External Client Report
Date of publication
01 Apr 2004
Number of Pages
42
DSTKIM No
CA024244
CANDIS No
521776
Format(s):
CD ROM

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