Oxygen Therapy: Description and Advances in Oxygen Delivery Systems

Oxygenothérapie: Description et Évolution des Systèmes de Respiration

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Authors
  1. Bouak, F.
Corporate Authors
Defence R&D Canada - Toronto, Toronto ONT (CAN)
Abstract
The Experimental Diving Unit (EDU) of Defence R&D Canada – Toronto has received support from the Search and Rescue (SAR) New Initiative Funds (NIF) to develop and recommend a system for providing oxygen to multiple victims. Current breathing systems used for oxygen therapy are highly inefficient in the consumption of oxygen, especially when a mass casualty incident is involved. Treating more survivors means more oxygen must be transported which increases weight, volume and risk. There are many breathing systems on the market for oxygen therapy. These respirators vary in the concentration and quantity of oxygen effectively delivered to the patient. The present report defines and describes oxygen therapy, including an introduction to human respiratory physiology and a review of the characteristics and capabilities of breathing systems that are the most commonly utilized to provide oxygen. The purpose is to identify promising solutions for the Canadian Forces search and rescue operations.

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Keywords
Oxygen Therapy;Normobaric;Hyperbaric;Oxygen breathing apparatus;Oxygen breathing system;Oxygen mask;Oxygen supply;Oxygen concentrator;Oxygen resuscitator;Physiology of respiration
Report Number
DRDC-TORONTO-TM-2004-112 — Technical Memorandum
Date of publication
17 Dec 2004
Number of Pages
50
DSTKIM No
CA025815
CANDIS No
523557
Format(s):
CD ROM

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