Literature Review of Concepts: Psychological Resiliency

Analyse Documentaire de Concepts: la Résilience Psychologique


  1. Wald, J.
  2. Taylor, S.
  3. Asmundson, G.J.G.
  4. Jang, K.L.
  5. Stapleton, J.
Corporate Authors
Defence R&D Canada - Toronto, Toronto ONT (CAN);British Columbia Univ, Vancouver BC (CAN);REGINA UNIV, REGINA SASK (CAN)
This report provides a detailed literature of the current state of knowledge on resiliency and its application to military personnel workers. In this report we summarize (1) the current, accepted definitions of resiliency, (2) factors contributing to resiliency, (3) theories of resiliency, (4) empirical research findings on resiliency in protecting individuals from adverse outcomes associated with acute or chronic stress, (5) empirical research findings on resiliency in military personnel and other high-risk occupations, and (6) resiliency measures and describe their development and validation. Existing definitions implicate resiliency with the ability to adapt and successfully cope with adversity, life stressors, and traumatic events. However, findings from this review demonstrate the lack of a uniform or accepted definition of resiliency. Research to date has resulted in the identification of several individual traits and environmental situations contributing factors to resiliency, and this has led to recent efforts to develop and validate emerging interactive resiliency factor models. The theoretical bases of resiliency remains controversial and many existing theories have received modest empirical investigation. Furthermore, the methodologies used in many of these conceptually-based studies are poor and results are limited in their generalizability. Empirical research on protective factors remains limited, and their inter-relationships to risk factors and exposure factors

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military personnel;Psychological Resiliency;chronic stress;acute stress
Report Number
DRDC-TORONTO-CR-2006-073 — Contractor Report
Date of publication
01 Jul 2006
Number of Pages
Electronic Document(PDF)

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