Team Modelling: Literature Review

Modélisation d’Équipe: Analyse Documentaire


  1. Sartori, J.A.
  2. Waldherr, S.
  3. Adams, B.D.
Corporate Authors
Defence R&D Canada - Toronto, Toronto ONT (CAN);Humansystems Inc, Guelph ONT (CAN)
Increasingly, Canadian Forces operations require the use of highly complex teams that function in joint, interagency, and often distributed environments. This report is a literature review of scientific and military research pertaining to team performance. This review consists of three sections. First, the factors influencing team performance are explored, and three major sets of factors are considered in relation to team performance: team factors, task factors, and team processes. Although very large, the team performance research has generally not built progressively upon previous work and illustrates equivocal results. Nonetheless, it is clear that characteristics of the team, the task, and team processes are all important influences on team performance. However, exactly how each of these factors influences team performance is often dependent on other factors. Moreover, the majority of the existing team research is limited in that it has not generally been conducted in realistic settings. The second section addresses measures of team performance, considers the conceptual challenges of measuring team performance, and explores specific measures of team processes and outcomes. The final section reviews some conceptual and computational models of team performance. Although models have generally not been subject to extensive validation efforts, they provide confirmation of the factors that are prominent throughout the team literature. The review ends with a short overview of th

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Literature reviews;Team performance;Teams;Team effectiveness;Collaboration;Team measures;Team models
Report Number
DRDC-TORONTO-CR-2006-091 — Contractor Report
Date of publication
22 Aug 2006
Number of Pages
Electronic Document(PDF)

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