A Signal Detection Model of Compound Decision Tasks

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Authors
  1. Duncan, M.J.
Corporate Authors
Defence R&D Canada - Toronto, Toronto ONT (CAN)
Abstract
Detection and identification represent two fundamental types of decision tasks. Although research has focused on each in isolation, the pure forms of these tasks are generally not representative of more complex naturalistic decision environments. For example, a decision maker involved in a Search and Rescue (SAR) operation is faced with locating and identifying a crash site. This kind of decision environment is characterized by both detection and identification components. Namely, uncertainty regarding the presence of a target crash site, and the task of identifying the target from among similar looking structures in the terrain. Decision research using compound decision tasks (detection plus identification) has the advantage of making greater contact with naturalistic environments, but carries with it the cost of increased complexity in analyzing and understanding the data. Because compound decision tasks have more than one locus where decision making can be affected, a formal method is needed to disambiguate (deconfound) effects on decision making and simplify an understanding of decision making performance in complex tasks. In this report a formal model of compound decision tasks (SDT-CD)is presented which fulfills this role. The model was assessed by an analysis of several demonstration data sets from a wide variety of content domains which highlight its ability to simplify the complexity of the task and provide readily interpretable results. In addition to measures of pe

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Keywords
Decision making;Compound Decision;Detection;Identification;Signal Detection Theory;Modeling;Naturalistic Decision Environment;Search and Rescue;Eyewitness Identification;Tumour Detection
Report Number
DRDC-TORONTO-TR-2006-256 — Technical Report
Date of publication
01 Dec 2006
Number of Pages
56
DSTKIM No
CA029689
CANDIS No
528139
Format(s):
Electronic Document(PDF)

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