The "Best Practices" of Red Teaming


  1. Gladman, B.W.
Corporate Authors
Defence R&D Canada - Centre for Operational Research and Analysis, Ottawa ON (CAN)
This paper’s central argument is that military organizations which more easily welcome the challenging of assumptions and plans frequently fare better in the operations they undertake than those that do not. The use of red teams in many forms has been one of the most helpful ways in which military organisations can both challenge their planning assumptions in the early preparatory stages, and later function as an opposing force to test the specific plans and operational methods. However, red teams tend only to succeed if certain ‘best practices’ are followed. This paper provides the ‘best practices’ of current and past red team efforts of the CF and its Allies, reinforced by historical instances of when red teams mattered and why. This effort should be of use to the planning and development of the V2010 red team by identifying the requisite elements in any red team effort, by recommending an appropriate structure and function for the team(s), and suggesting appropriate skill sets and required training to produce a useful red team. It also suggests a process in which the red team should operate in its role as a devil’s advocate challenging the planning assumptions and developing plans, and later in its more traditional opposing force role, where it will continue to challenge the details of the plans, the situational awareness of the security partners involved, and their ability to keep pace with rapidly changing events. Finally, the paper suggests several tools the

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Report Number
DRDC-CORA-TM-2007-29 — Technical Memorandum
Date of publication
01 Jul 2007
Number of Pages
Electronic Document(PDF)

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