Characterization of Atmospheric Emissions Produced by Live Gun Firing: Test on the Carl Gustav anti-tank, 84 mm

Caracterisation des Émissions Atmospheriques Produites par les Tirs d'Artillerie: Tes sur l'Anti Tank Carl Gustav, 84 mm

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Authors
  1. Quémerais, B.
  2. Poulin, I.
  3. Diaz, E.
  4. Marois, A.
Corporate Authors
Defence R&D Canada - Toronto, Toronto ONT (CAN)
Abstract
Airborne substances emitted during live gun firing of the anti-tank Carl Gustav 84 mm weapon were characterized during a live firing training exercise in Canadian Forces Base (CFB) Valcartier in February 2007. Sampling was performed continuously for two hours throughout the exercise during which particles and chemicals accumulated on sampling media. In total, seventyone rounds were fired at two firing bays. Established occupational health methods were used to collect and analyze samples for particulate matter, hydrogen cyanide, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), dinitrotoluene compounds, benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene and xylene, metals, aldehydes, nitric acid (HNO3), nitric oxide (NO), nitrogen dioxide (NO2), hydrogen sulphide (H2S) and sulphur dioxide (SO2). Two sets of samples were collected at two sampling stations. Both sampling stations were located behind Firing Bay #2. Most of the chemicals were not detected during the trial. For both sets of samples, particles were found at concentrations much higher than the recommended environmental standards. These findings suggest that there is a potential risk to health associated with exposure to particles for artillery soldiers. For contaminants, concentrations were detected at higher levels at Station #1 than at Station #2 since the first station was closer to the firing bay. Hydrogen cyanide was detected at concentrations of 26.7 and 21.7 µg/m3 for Stations #1 and

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Keywords
Atmospheric emissions, health effects, artillery gun firing, Carl Gustav, anti t
Report Number
DRDC-TORONTO-TR-2007-103 — Technical Report
Date of publication
01 Mar 2008
Number of Pages
41
DSTKIM No
CA030739
CANDIS No
529452
Format(s):
Electronic Document(PDF)

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