Evaluation of existing dummy & human numerical models – Comparison between commercially available models

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Authors
  1. Bastien, H.
  2. Rancourt, D.
Corporate Authors
Defence R&D Canada - Valcartier, Valcartier QUE (CAN)
Abstract
Prediction of injuries induced by hich acceleration (crash) events involves knowledge of human body dynamic during this type of events. Numerical models, coupled with experimentations using Anthropomorphic Test Devices (ATD) could be used to gather informations about injuries caused by impact, injuries induced by velocity and acceleration and efficiency of protection devices. The uses of numerical models instead of real ATD or post-mortem subjects is time-saving as well as money-saving and has been shown to reproduce test conditions accurately in a number of conditions. The main concern using numerical models is to ensure the validity of the model used in the desired loading conditions. Hybrid III ATD is widely used in crash environment and many models have already been developed to numerically recreate his behaviour. The following document presents a review of a few numerical ATD and Human body commercially available models, their advantages and limitations. The applicability to mine blast simulation is also discussed.
Report Number
DRDC-VALCARTIER-CR-2008-177 — Contractor Report
Date of publication
01 May 2008
Number of Pages
71
DSTKIM No
CA032098
CANDIS No
531131
Format(s):
Document Image stored on Optical Disk

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