Promoting and Sustaining a Healthy and Fit Force – A Background Paper


  1. Wang, Z.
Corporate Authors
Director General Military Personnel Research & Analysis, Ottawa ONT (CAN);Defence R&D Canada - Centre for Operational Research and Analysis, Ottawa ON (CAN)
The physical fitness of military personnel is an essential and critical component of operational readiness from both employability and deployability aspects - and as such, has been concentrated on since 2,500 B.C.. Military service can be physically demanding, and military personnel must maintain high levels of physical fitness to perform their duties efficiently in complex and stressful environments. However, operational readiness requires military personnel to not only be physically fit, but to also be healthy; that is, functionally well in physical, mental, emotional, social and spiritual aspects. For example, military personnel experiencing mental problems or interpersonal conflicts may not be able to optimally perform their duties, and military personnel experiencing health problems may become physically unfit. Thus, to achieve operational readiness, militaries have to go beyond physical fitness training and testing, and promote and sustain a healthy and fit force. The intent of this paper is to discuss the historical and theoretical background of health promotion. This paper first reviews paradigm shifts in defining the concept of health, and then examines the development of various health promotion models. Finally, the theoretical limitations of CF health promotion are discussed, and future research is recommended.

Il y a un résumé en français ici.

Report Number
DRDC-CORA-TM-2008-058 — Technical Memorandum
Date of publication
01 Dec 2008
Number of Pages
Electronic Document(PDF)

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