Promoting and Sustaining a Healthy and Fit Force – A Holistic Model


  1. Wang, Z.
  2. Dunn, J.
Corporate Authors
Director General Military Personnel Research & Analysis, Ottawa ONT (CAN)
Operational readiness and effectiveness requires military personnel to not only be physically fit, but also to be functionally well in physical, psychological, social and spiritual aspects. Since 2500 B.C., physical fitness training and testing programs have been implemented in militaries to ensure military personnel achieve and maintain high levels of physical fitness in order to be both employable and deployable. Under the influence of the health promotion and wellness movements of the 1990s, militaries have also started to implement various health promotion programs to enable military personnel to achieve and improve their health in physical, mental, emotional, social and spiritual aspects. However, physical fitness training and testing programs as well as health promotion programs have typically been implemented independently. On 31 March 2008, the Canadian Forces (CF) launched a new Health and Physical Fitness Strategy to promote and sustain a healthy and physically fit force. This strategy attempts to integrate physical fitness training and testing programs with health promotion programs. Although this integration of programs is currently taking place within the CF, little research has been done concerning the theoretical foundation of this initiative. This paper reviews the recent CF Health and Physical Fitness Strategy and discusses its limitations. In addition, a holistic model for promoting and sustaining a healthy and fit force is proposed and interventions are rec

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Report Number
DGMPRA-TM-2009-002 — Technical Memorandum
Date of publication
01 May 2009
Number of Pages
Electronic Document(PDF)

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