Fire and Flammability Properties (Fire Performance) of Non Metallic Materials – Literature review of Technologies and Methods


  1. Williams, C.
  2. Bodzay, S.
  3. Williams, R.
  4. McCarthy, J.
Corporate Authors
Defence R&D Canada - Atlantic, Dartmouth NS (CAN);CRW Regulatory Services Inc. Halifax, NS (CAN)
Damage control is a priority for naval vessels. An important component of damage control is the rapid detection and extinguishment of fires. However, the risk and severity of shipboard fires can also be reduced through the selection of non metallic materials that are less susceptible to ignition, have low rates of flame spread, generate less smoke, and release less heat and toxic gases than competing products. In this report the standards for the fire performance of non metallic materials, methods and apparatus used to evaluate the fire performance properties required by the standards, and models related to fire are reviewed. The standards include those of the International Maritime Organization (IMO) and the International Standards Organization (ISO), US military specifications (Mil Spec) and Royal Navy Defence Standards (Def Stan) and associated Naval Engineering Standards (NES). The methods include ASTM (American Society for Testing and Materials), Underwriter’s Laboratories (UL), ISO, and NES fire performance standards. These standards refer to a broad range of apparatus required to perform the testing. The fire models include one and two zone and computational fluid dynamic models, and detector response, egress, and fire endurance models. The applicability of small scale/laboratory fire testing to the evaluation of non metallic material performance in larger scale fire tests is discussed. Although there are many small scale/laboratory tests used to assess the fire prop

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Report Number
DRDC-ATLANTIC-CR-2009-184 — Contractor Report
Date of publication
01 Aug 2009
Number of Pages
Electronic Document(PDF)

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