Foundations for Stress Management Training of Traumatic Stressors using Virtual Reality


  1. Bouchard, S.
Corporate Authors
Defence R&D Canada - Valcartier, Valcartier QUE (CAN);Universite du Quebec en Outaouais, Gatineau Que (CAN) Departement de psychologie et de psychoeducation
This research report consists of literature reviews and analyses of data on stressors associated with psychological injuries in theaters of operations and on the efficacy of stress management training (SMT) to potentially reduce those injuries. The information is examined from the prospect of potentially using virtual reality (VR) to train military personnel to master stress management techniques. The first section provides an overview of the characteristics of traumatic stressors and analyses of data on both the stressors’ frequency and their association with psychological injuries. This led to the identification of stressful situations that can be developed in VR. A systematic review of 350 empirical papers confirmed the efficacy of SMT and pinpointed the best strategies where VR training could be useful. The third section reviewed VR technologies, important concepts and relevant studies for SMT. The report concludes with an integrated approach for training that could be useful for the Canadian Forces and suggestions of experimental studies that are needed to move forward in the proposed direction.

Il y a un résumé en français ici.

Report Number
DRDC-VALCARTIER-CR-2009-170 — Contractor Report
Date of publication
01 Nov 2009
Number of Pages
Electronic Document(PDF)

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