Assessment of ANFO on the environment – Technical Investigation 09-01

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Authors
  1. Brochu, S.
Corporate Authors
Defence R&D Canada - Valcartier, Valcartier QUE (CAN)
Abstract
In September 2008, DRDC Valcartier was tasked by Director Ammunition and Explosives Management and Engineering (DAEME 3-4) to perform a literature review to assess the effect of Ammonium Nitrate Fuel Oil (ANFO) on the environment and to determine its suitability for service. The Canadian Forces are concerned about the high solubility of ammonium nitrate (AN) that could represent a potential threat to the environment. For example, the detonation of ANFO is often incomplete in a wet environment, leaving behind by-products of unreacted AN as nitrate, nitrite and ammonia into the soil and groundwater. Since groundwater is a critical water source for many humans and animals in isolated locations, all efforts should be directed in preventing water supply contamination. Proper measures must therefore be followed when ANFO is used as a blasting explosive. General guidelines found in the literature are reviewed in this memorandum.

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Keywords
Ammonium Nitrate Fuel Oil;ANFO;Nitrate leaching;Explosive contamination;Soil contamination;Groundwater contamination;Water Contamination
Report Number
DRDC-VALCARTIER-TM-2009-195 — Technical Memorandum
Date of publication
01 Jan 2010
Number of Pages
52
DSTKIM No
CA033596
CANDIS No
532951
Format(s):
Electronic Document(PDF)

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