The Canada-US Strategic Defence Relationship – Methodology and Case-Study Synopses


  1. Gladman, B.W.
  2. Archambault, P.M.
Corporate Authors
Defence R&D Canada - Centre for Operational Research and Analysis, Ottawa ON (CAN);NORAD, Colorado Springs CO (UNITED STATES);NORAD Operational Research and Analysis, Ottawa Ont (CAN)
This Technical Memorandum reports to the project sponsors, the Commander of Canada Command and the Deputy Commander of NORAD, on Phase One of the Canada-US Strategic Defence Relationship project. It consists of a literature search and review to develop an understanding of the varied perspectives of authors on the history and current state of North American security and defence. Eight key decision points in the nation's history have been identified as those to serve as detailed case-studies to be analysed in Phase Two. The case studies are as follows: Confederation, Ogdensburg and Hyde Park, the Korean War, the creation of North American Aerospace Defense Command and successive renewals of the agreement, the Vietnam War, the Cuban Missile Crisis, the Arctic and the post-9/11 period. The concept of strategic culture is used to assist in explaining why Canadian leadership made the decisions they did at key points in its history, to help understand the kind of information provided and sought to inform those decisions, and to use that understanding as the basis to develop specific recommendations for ways to evolve the relationship to meet the challenges faced. The analysis of the extensive literature on Canada-US relations and the specific case-studies chosen for detailed analysis has revealed gaps and possible biases that must be explored and challenged. While the attainment of this body of knowledge is worthwhile in its own right, this appreciation will assist DND/CF and the Go

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Report Number
DRDC-CORA-TM-2009-063 — Technical Memorandum
Date of publication
01 Dec 2009
Number of Pages
Electronic Document(PDF)

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