Initial results of HF sky wave radar experiments using MIMO methods to control auroral clutter

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Authors
  1. Riddolls, R.J.
Corporate Authors
Defence R&D Canada - Ottawa, Ottawa ONT (CAN)
Abstract
High frequency Over-the-Horizon Radar (OTHR) provides an economical means to track noncooperative air targets over large expanses of land and ocean. However, early attempts to run OTHR in Canada in the 1970s were confounded by the presence of intense radar clutter originating in the auroral zone. Recent advances in Multiple-Input Multiple-Output (MIMO) OTHR technology, namely orthogonal waveform transmit arrays and fully sampled receive arrays, provide an opportunity to revisit the possibility of OTHR in Canada. An OTHR testbed has been built in Ottawa, Canada to determine the capabilities of the technology. The testbed consists of a MIMO OTHR with 4 transmit channels and 4 receive channels. Some preliminary data show that MIMO processing is effective in canceling the clutter. It is then proposed to upgrade the testbed to a larger-scale system.

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Keywords
Over The Horizon Radar (OTHR);Multiple-Input Multiple-Output;MIMO;Orthogonal waveform transmit arrays;Fully sampled receive arrays;Radar clutter;Sky Wave;High frequency radar;Radio Propagation;Plasma irregularities
Report Number
DRDC-OTTAWA-TM-2009-268 — Technical Memorandum
Date of publication
01 Jan 2010
Number of Pages
32
DSTKIM No
CA033777
CANDIS No
533217
Format(s):
Electronic Document(PDF)

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