Experimental validation of regularized array element localization


  1. Dosso, S.E.
  2. Collison, N.E.B.
  3. Heard, G.J.
  4. Verrall, R.I.
Corporate Authors
Defence R&D Canada - Atlantic, Dartmouth NS (CAN);Victoria Univ, Victoria BC (CAN) School of Earth and Ocean Sciences
This paper examines and validates regularized inversion for array element localization (AEL) by quantitative comparison of inversion results to direct measurements of receiver positions for a full-scale AEL survey. Regularized AEL treats both receiver and source positions as unknown parameters in a ray-based inversion; prior information on source/receiver positions, inter-receiver spacing in depth, and/or a smooth array shape can be included, subject to statistically fitting the acoustic data. Uncertainties in the recovered receiver positions are estimated via Monte Carlo appraisal. To study this approach, a specially stabilized, two-dimensional receiver array and a series of impulsive sources (imploding glass light bulbs) were deployed from shore-fast (motionless) Arctic sea ice. Sources and recordings were not synchronized in time, so AEL inversions are based on relative arrival times. Receiver positions were measured to an uncertainty of ~5 cm in each dimension [9 cm in three dimensions (3D)] using nonacoustic (optical) methods. Average AEL errors (difference between measured receiver positions and inversion results) of 13 cm in depth, 27 cm in the horizontal, and 30 cm in 3D, as well as good agreement between the measured errors and estimated AEL uncertainties validate the regularized approach and provide benchmarks for acoustic AEL. Receiver-position errors are quantitatively investigated as a function of the number of sources, source-position errors, and different regul
Report Number
DRDC-ATLANTIC-SL-2002-095 — Scientific Literature
Date of publication
01 Jan 2004
Number of Pages
Reprinted from
J. Acoust. Soc. Am, vol 115, no 5, 2004, p 2129-2137
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