The Justifications for War and Peace in World Religions – Part III: Comparison of Scriptures from Seven World Religions

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Authors
  1. Dorn, A.W.
Corporate Authors
Defence R&D Canada - Toronto, Toronto ONT (CAN);Canadian Forces Coll, Toronto ONT (CAN) Information Resource Centre
Abstract
One of the most important decisions of any nation or armed group is when, if ever, to wage war or apply armed force. Such life-and-death judgements are informed by and sometimes determined by ethical principles and religious beliefs. World religions all provide guidelines on when armed force is justified. Are the permissions and prohibitions similar among religions? The present work seeks to map out the range of religious approaches to armed force, as expressed in the scriptures of the world’s largest religions. Though the interpretations of religious scriptures vary considerably, the texts themselves provide a sense of each religion’s approach to the important issue. Covering values from absolute pacifism, where armed force is not permissible under any circumstances, to strong militancy, where armed force is readily adopted, this research compiles, compares and contrasts important scriptural passages. Along with the associated DRDC reports, it presents a tour d’horizon, surveying scriptures from seven world religions. The previous reports analysed the three Abrahamic religions (Part I: Christianity, Islam and Judaism) and religions of Indic origin (Part II: Buddhism, Hinduism, Jainism and Sikhism). The important scriptures from each religion were briefly introduced and the relevant verses were extracted, categorized and summarized. This makes possible, in each religion, the juxtaposition of passages justifying the use of force with passages suggesting the opposite. Mor

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Keywords
Religion;Christian;Christianity;Islam;Muslim;Judaism;Jewish;Buddhism;Buddhist;Hinduism;Hindu;Jainism;Jain;Sikhism;Sikh;Abrahamic;Indic;Scriptures;Permissions;Prohibitions;Pacifism;Militancy;Spectrum of force;Faith;Moral action;Morals;Theology;Divinity;Bible;Qur'an;Tanakh
Report Number
DRDC-TORONTO-CR-2010-036 — Contractor Report
Date of publication
01 Mar 2010
Number of Pages
49
DSTKIM No
CA034544
CANDIS No
534082
Format(s):
Electronic Document(PDF)

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