Literature review on demilitarization of munitions – Document prepared for the RIGHTTRAC Technology Demonstration Project

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Authors
  1. Poulin, I.
Corporate Authors
Defence R&D Canada - Valcartier, Valcartier QUE (CAN)
Abstract
The Canadian Forces (CF), as well as the United States Army and other military organizations, have a large inventory of munitions to support a multitude of tasks and missions, including training to ensure operational readiness. Throughout the life cycle of the munitions, items may become deteriorated, obsolete or declared surplus to requirement, and safe disposal options are then needed. This disposal should ensure that the items are rendered unusable for their intended military or strategic purpose and should be irreversible. Disposal should be carried out in accordance with regulations and safety and environmental requirements. This technical memorandum will present a literature review of the main technologies available in the demilitarization area. The classical destruction methods, such as open burning, will be reviewed, as well as new technologies that offer a more environmentally friendly way to dispose of munitions and methods that allow the recycling of the explosive content for other applications. The design of future weapons is currently ongoing, for example through the RIGHTTRAC project. This design requires the use of explosive and propellant formulations having characteristics such as: enhanced performance, reduced vulnerability during storage and transportation, improved mechanical properties, decreased signature, extended service life and reduced environmental impact in manufacture, use and disposal. As demilitarization is a part of the life cycle of munitions,

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Keywords
Environment;Design for demilitarization;Design for Demil;Munitions;Energetic materials;Unexploded Ordnance;UXO;Weapons;Recycling;Reuse;Open Burning/Open Detonation Activity;OB/OD
Report Number
DRDC-VALCARTIER-TM-2010-213 — Technical Memorandum
Date of publication
01 Nov 2010
Number of Pages
80
DSTKIM No
CA034625
CANDIS No
534115
Format(s):
Electronic Document(PDF)

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