Fusion of ESM reports through Dempster-Shafer and Dezert-Smarandache theories


  1. Valin, P.
  2. Djiknavorian, P.
  3. Bossé, E.
  4. Grenier, D.
Corporate Authors
Defence R&D Canada - Valcartier, Valcartier QUE (CAN)
We address the problem of fusing ESM reports by two evidential reasoning schemes, namely Dempster-Shafer theory and Dezert-Smarandache theory. These schemes provide results in different frames of discernment, but are able to fuse realistic ESM data. We discuss their advantages and disadvantages under varying conditions of sensor data certainty and fusion reliability, the latter coming from errors in the association process. A thresholded version of Dempster-Shafer theory is fine-tuned for performance across a wide range of values for certainty and reliability. The results are presented first for typical scenarios, and secondly for Monte-Carlo studies of scenarios under varying sensor certainty and fusion reliability. The results exhibit complex non-linear functions, but for which clear trends can nevertheless be extracted. A compromise has to be achieved between stability under occasional miss-associations, and reaction time latency under a real change of allegiance. The alternative way of reporting results through Dezert-Smarandache theory is studied under similar conditions, and shown to provide good results, which are however more dependent on the unreliability, and slightly less stable. In this case however, the frame of discernment is larger, and permits additional interpretations, which are outside the scope of Dempster-Shafer.
Report Number
DRDC-VALCARTIER-SL-2010-459 — Scientific Literature
Date of publication
01 Apr 2010
Number of Pages
Electronic Document(PDF)

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