Reduction of Risk to Fire Fighters in Responding to Basement Fires

Réduction des risques pour les pompiers qui combattent les incendies dans les sous-sols

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Authors
  1. Tracey, S.
Corporate Authors
Defence R&D Canada - Centre for Security Science, Ottawa ONT (CAN)
Abstract
The use of aerosol suppression technology was evaluated in four separate scenarios involving a simulated fire in a basement of a single family dwelling unit. In each scenario observations were made on fire compartment temperatures, the impact of using an aerosol fire suppressant agent on the fire growth, and actions of the fire fighting team. Thermocouples were used to measure fire compartment temperatures in three areas. Video recording as well as thermal imaging recordings were made during each evaluation. The observations showed that even under concentrations below those recommended by the manufacturer there was a marked decrease in the temperature in the fire compartments that the fire fighters would be entering. The use of the aerosol agents did however significantly reduce visibility. As a result of these observations a recommended protocol was developed when such devices are used in conjunction with interior attack of basement fires.

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Keywords
Fire Response;Aerosol Fire Suppression;Basement Fires;Fire Safety
Report Number
DRDC-CSS-CR-2011-05 — Contractor Report
Date of publication
01 Feb 2011
Number of Pages
54
DSTKIM No
CA035445
CANDIS No
535026
Format(s):
Electronic Document(PDF)

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