A Canadian After-Action Review Process Improvement Roadmap


  1. Boivin, E.
  2. Mokhtari, M.
Corporate Authors
Defence R&D Canada - Valcartier, Valcartier QUE (CAN)
Improving soldier, leader and unit performance is the main goal of the After-Action Review (AAR) which is a professional discussion on a training event that focuses on identifying what happened, why it happened and ways to improve training. This discussion allows participants to quickly and consistently learn (the most) from their experiences. AAR is supported by a sequential four-phase process: Planning, Preparation, Conduct and Follow-Up. Observers-Controllers-Trainers (OCTs) from Canadian Army are professionally, operationally and institutionally credible soldiers who accompany an organization during training and implement the AAR process. Their duties include, among others, identifying training objectives, observing events, collecting data, controlling activities, performing data analysis, teaching doctrine, coaching and mentoring. The OCT’s role is particularly critical during the Conduct phase of the AAR process. OCT must guide the discussion within the training audience on relevant events extracted from the Preparation phase. Identifying and capturing these events for the Conduct phase represent a great challenge. Fortunately, OCT can benefit of tracking systems to augment their personal analysis of the training sessions. The Canadian Weapon Effects Simulation system, that captures status and actions of units during a live training, is one of these. The Virtual Battle Space 2 training simulator integrates similar functionalities to address the virtual training purpos
Report Number
DRDC-VALCARTIER-SL-2011-397 — Scientific Literature
Date of publication
01 Oct 2011
Number of Pages
Electronic Document(PDF)

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