Human-Robot Interaction Literature Review


  1. Bray-Miners, J.
  2. Ste-Croix, C.
  3. Morton, A.
Corporate Authors
Defence R&D Canada - Toronto, Toronto ONT (CAN);Humansystems Inc, Guelph ONT (CAN)
In the field of unmanned vehicle (UV) systems, researchers have been striving to inverse the humanrobot ratio such that one operator can control multiple robots. This goal has not yet been accomplished for military applications, despite ongoing research. Research suggests that the humanrobot interaction (HRI) that takes place while an operator is in control of one or more UVs needs to be improved before the ratio can be inversed. This literature review included 53 references to provide an overview of current HRI research dealing with the operation of UVs and to identify the key human factors (HF) issues when conducting research within this area. The literature identified three key factors in HRI research related to operating UVs for military applications: operator capacity (that is, the number and type of UVs that a human operator controls or supervises), automation, and interface design. Within the literature HRI is most often measured through the three common metrics of situation awareness (SA), workload, and task performance. In general, research shows that increasing operator capacity increases workload and decreases SA, while the corresponding impact on performance has been shown to be inconsistent. Automation and multimodal interfaces have been shown to alleviate some of the increased workload and decreased SA as operator capacity is increased, however, there is a complex interaction between the three variables. The literature suggests that adaptive automation and adapt

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Report Number
DRDC-TORONTO-CR-2012-083 — Contractor Report
Date of publication
01 Mar 2012
Number of Pages
Electronic Document(PDF)

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