Modeling and Simulation of Canadian Forces Operational Energy Consumption – In Support of the Defence Operational Energy Strategy Development


  1. Ghanmi, A.
Corporate Authors
Defence R&D Canada - Centre for Operational Research and Analysis, Ottawa ON (CAN)
This paper presents a framework for analyzing the Canadian Forces (CF) operational energy demand. Operational energy is the energy required for training, moving, and sustaining military forces as well as fueling tactical power generators and powering weapons platforms. The study examined the CF operational energy for expeditionary operations and focused particularly on fuel demand. A fuel consumption prediction model was developed and a typical operational scenario was constructed using historical deployments to forecast operational energy demand. A Monte Carlo simulation framework was also developed to simulate various operational characteristics such as location and duration of deployments and fuel consumption rates. The study indicated that the most prevalent fuel consumption in CF expeditionary operations is aviation fuel, followed by fuel for ground systems, and ships. It also revealed that particular attention should be given to the employment phase of operations for potential fuel consumption optimization. The study provided insights and better understanding of the energy consumption patterns of CF expeditionary operations in support of the Canadian Defence Operational Energy Strategy development.

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Report Number
DRDC-CORA-TM-2013-062 — Technical Memorandum
Date of publication
01 Apr 2013
Number of Pages
Electronic Document(PDF)

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