Transfer of Training and Generalization – Literature Review

Le transfert des acquis de formation – Analyse bibliographique

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Authors
  1. Thomson, M.H.
  2. Hall, C.D.
  3. Flear, C.R.
  4. Karthaus, C.L.F.
  5. Adams, B.D.
Corporate Authors
Defence R&D Canada - Toronto, Toronto ONT (CAN);Humansystems Inc, Guelph ONT (CAN)
Abstract
Understanding how best to train CF personnel to work effectively in teams, and how maximize their ability to use their training within new and unexpected situations is a critical requirement. This report examines the transfer literature in the psychology and team domain in order to identify the factors most likely to influence transfer performance. Research relevant to two overlapping areas of research is reviewed in this report. First, cognitive psychological research exploring analogical reasoning casts transfer primarily as a cognitive process involving analogical reasoning, and includes encoding, inference, mapping, application and response. Established researchers in this area suggest that analogical transfer can be very powerful when it occurs, but transfer can also be a very elusive event. The second line of research explored team transfer and team adaptation research. Team adaptation is defined as a change team performance as the result of a salient cue that leads to some sort of response. Team adaptation could result in new structures or the modification of existing structures, abilities, and/or behaviours or cognitions directed at specific goals. This formation or manipulation of existing structures within a task (such as a cognitive schema or inter-member communication) improves how the team operates and/or achieves objectives. However, this area of research is particularly underdeveloped in the link to the most critical form of transfer in real-world environments,

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Keywords
transfer of training;analogical transfer;team adaptation;learning;training;cognition;teams;problem solving
Report Number
DRDC-TORONTO-CR-2012-064 — Contract Report
Date of publication
01 Apr 2014
Number of Pages
127
DSTKIM No
CA038485
CANDIS No
538544
Format(s):
Electronic Document(PDF)

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