IMPPACTS: Development of a New Measure of Cross-Cultural Competence


  1. Adams, B.D.
  2. Filardo, E-A.
  3. DeWit, Y.C.
  4. Brown, A.L.
  5. Flear, C.R.
Corporate Authors
Defence R&D Canada - Toronto, Toronto ONT (CAN);Humansystems Inc, Guelph ONT (CAN)
The aim of this report was to develop a measure of the seven cross-cultural competencies identified in earlier research (Brown & Adams, 2011) as relevant to collaboration in a comprehensive environment (Individual differences, Motivation, Professionalism, Problem-solving, Cultural knowledge, Thinking skills, and Social skills). The IMPPaCTS measure (Version 1) was administered to 171 Canadian Forces (CF) personnel along with a series of theoretically related measures hypothesized to be related to the various proposed subscales. Exploratory factor analysis revealed a 7- factor structure that fit the data well, and required re-definition of the factors to form IMPPaCTS Version 2, as Influence/leadership, Motivation, People skills, Problem management/adaptability, Cultural knowledge, Thinking skills, and Social monitoring. Exploring the relationship of each IMPPaCTS item individually against theoretically related scales showed a good deal of conceptual consistency within the subscale groupings. This suggests that even as some items require revision to eliminate cross-loadings and to clarify their targeted competency, the IMPPaCTS measure does seem to show some promise as a short measure of cross-cultural competence for applied contexts.
cross-cultural competencies;Canadian Forces;exploratory factor analysis;comprehensive approach;IMMPaCTS measure
Report Number
DRDC-TORONTO-CR-2013-006 — Contract Report
Date of publication
01 Mar 2012
Number of Pages
Electronic Document(PDF)

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