Resilience of Critical Infrastructure to Extreme Fires – Gaps and Challenges

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Authors
  1. Mostafaei, H.
  2. Kashef, A.
  3. Sultan, M.
  4. McCartney, C.
  5. Leroux, P.
  6. Cowalchuk, R.
  7. Meunier, P.
Corporate Authors
Defence Research and Development Canada, Centre for Security Science, Ottawa ON (CAN)
Abstract
This report provides the results of the study conducted by NRC on the protection and resilience of critical infrastructures against extreme fires, e.g. fuel storage or tanker fires. The 9/11 World Trade Centre building collapse and the MacArthur Maze Bridge collapse on April 27, 2007, a critical bridge in the San Francisco area, are two examples of such extreme fire threats to critical infrastructures. The main goal of this study was to develop a better understanding of the threats from extreme fires to critical physical infrastructures. Furthermore, the studies attempted to identify and prioritize the gaps and challenges of the prevention, response and recovery from such incidents. The study included a literature review of the gaps and research needs for the assessment and protection of critical infrastructures to enhance their resilience against extreme fire. Critical border crossing bridges/tunnels, embassies and government buildings are examples of critical infrastructures. An advisory board with 25 members from different government departments, industries and regulatory bodies discussed these research needs and provided inputs on their priorities. This project also included two demonstration fire tests conducted using a new testing facility at the National Research Council Canada (NRC). As an example of a bridge/building structural element, two reinforced concrete columns were successfully tested based on two standards; an extreme fire, ASTM E1529, and a typical building

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Keywords
Critical Infrastructure Protection Extreme Fires;Fire Threats
Report Number
DRDC-RDDC-2014-C66 — Contract Report
Date of publication
01 Apr 2014
Number of Pages
73
DSTKIM No
CA039207
CANDIS No
800007
Format(s):
Electronic Document(PDF)

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