Circadian countermeasures in the high arctic during summer


  1. Paul, M.A.
  2. Love, R.J.
  3. Hawton, A.M.
  4. McCreary, D.R.
  5. Brett, K.D.
  6. Arendt, J.
Corporate Authors
Defence Research and Development Canada, Toronto Research Centre , Toronto ON (CAN)
Background: We have previously shown that the 24 hours of daily sunlight in the high Arctic during the summer provides a good environment for misaligning the physiological circadian pattern with the work-sleep schedule of the individual. As a result, there is a prevalence of sleep difficulty in the summer, with a general reduction in both the quantity and quality of sleep obtained among residents in the summer vs. the winter (Paul, M. A., Love, R. J., Hawton, A. M. et al. Melatonin production, sleep patterns and modeled performance effectiveness in subjects in the high Arctic. In. DRDC-RDDC-2014-R15, DRDC – Toronto Research Centre, 2014). Methods: Subjects were 15 CAF personnel (11 males and four females, age range of 19 to 47 years, with mean age and standard deviation of 28.3 ± 8.3 years) who had arrived at CFS Alert at least one week prior to the study which encompassed 21 days from May 23rd to June 13th, 2014. During this period there were 24 hours of daylight. Subjects wore motion-detection devices (Actigraphs) to obtain objective sleep data, and completed questionnaires regarding sleep difficulty and psychosocial parameters at the beginning and end of the study. After a seven day period of baseline Actigraph data, salivary melatonin assays were collected two hourly for 24 hours while the subjects remained in dim light conditions. Based on the melatonin profiles and sleep questionnaire histories, 13 subjects were prescribed melatonin and given advice about light expos

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endogenous melatonin;circadian desynchrony;fatigue;sleep hygiene;modeled cognitivie effectiveness
Report Number
DRDC-RDDC-2014-R108 — Scientific Report
Date of publication
01 Nov 2014
Number of Pages
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