Study of the Interference of Plumes Released from Two Near-Ground Point Sources in an Open Channel


  1. Oskouie, S.N.
  2. Wang, B.-C.
  3. Yee, E.
Corporate Authors
Defence Research and Development Canada, Suffield Research Centre, Ralston AB (CAN);Manitoba Univ, Winnipeg MAN (CAN) Dept of Mechanical Engineering
The dispersion and mixing of passive scalars released from two near-ground point sources into an open-channel flow are studied using direct numerical simulation. A comparative study based on eight test cases has been conducted to investigate the effects of Reynolds number and source separation distance on the dispersion and interference of the two plumes. In order to determine the nonlinear relationship between the variance of concentration fluctuations of the total plume and those produced by each of the two plumes, the covariance of the two concentration fields is studied in both physical and spectral spaces. The results show that at the source height, the streamwise evolution of the cross correlation between the fluctuating components of the two concentration fields can be classified into four stages, which feature zero, destructive and constructive interferences and a complete mixing state. The characteristics of these four stages of plume mixing are further confirmed through an analysis of the pre-multiplied co-spectra and coherency spectra. From the coherency spectrum, it is observed that there exists a range of ‘leading scales’, which are several times larger than the Kolmogorov scale but are smaller than or comparable to the scale of the most energetic eddies of turbulence. At the leading scales, the mixing between the two interfering plumes is the fastest and the coherency spectrum associated with these scales can quickly approach its asymptotic value of unity.
plume interference;dispersion;passive scalar;boundary layer;turbulence
Report Number
DRDC-RDDC-2015-P063 — External Literature
Date of publication
11 Sep 2015
Number of Pages
Electronic Document(PDF)

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