Towards Environmentally Sustainable, High Performance Ammunition


  1. Brochu, S.
  2. Brassard, M.
  3. Thiboutot, S.
  4. Ampleman, G.
  5. Brousseau, P.
  6. Petre, C.F.
  7. Cote, F.
  8. Diaz, E.
Corporate Authors
Defence Research and Development Canada, Valcartier Research Centre, Quebec QC (CAN)
Ranges and training area (RTAs) are a key aspect to the training of military forces around the world. However, the use of ammunitions was shown to lead to the dispersion of Energetic Materials (EM) residues in RTAs. The use of sustainable ammunitions constitute a promising mitigation process by solving the issue directly at the source, thus reducing the unexploded ordnances production, the need for expensive RTAs cleaning or remediating as well as the necessity to develop site-specific range attenuation designs. A cost benefit analysis indicated that it is cost-effective to consider the long-term effects of the munitions on the environment right at the beginning of the weapon system development cycle. Canada has initiated the development of environmentally sustainable ammunition in 2008 with a project aiming to prove that the environmental pressure on RTAs can be decreased and the health hazards for the users be minimized without reducing the ammunition performance. This was accomplished by performing significant improvements to a 105-mm army artillery munition (HE M1) currently using a M1 single-base propellant and Composition B as the main charge explosive. A near-zero dud rate was achieved by developing a self-destruct device for the fuse system. The potential of RDX contamination was eliminated by replacing Composition B with a melt-cast recyclable formulation made of an energetic thermoplastic elastomer, TNT and HMX, which meets the current performance criteria of in-use
insensitive munition;105 mm;artillery;munition outcome
Report Number
DRDC-RDDC-2016-N002 — External Literature
Date of publication
01 May 2015
Number of Pages
Electronic Document(PDF)

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